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2015 Annual Meeting
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Keynote Address | Psychonomic Society 56th Annual Meeting (2015) | Chicago, Illinois USA

 

Previous Keynote Speakers
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2014: Larry Jacoby, Washington University in St. Louis, USA (video)
2013: Elizabeth F. Loftus, University of California, Irvine, USA (video)
2012: John R. Anderson, Carnegie Mellon University, USA (video)
2011: Nora Newcombe, Temple University, USA (video)
2010: Robert A. Bjork, University of California, Los Angeles, USA (video)
2009: Henry L. Roediger, III, Washington University in St. Louis, USA (video)
2008: Daniel Kahneman, Princeton University, USA
2007: Marcia K. Johnson, Yale University, USA
2006: Mary C. Potter, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
2005: Michael Posner, University of Oregon, USA
2004: Anne Treisman, Princeton University, USA
2003: Gordon Bower, Stanford University, USA
2002: Roger Shepard, Stanford University, USA
2001: William K. Estes, Indiana University, USA

On Knowing That You Know - and Its Functions

Asher KoriatAsher Koriat, University of Haifa, Israel

I will report work on metacognition that was spurred by my early analysis of the creative process, which suggested to me that we generally operate at two levels of experience, searching at one level what we already know at a deeper, subconscious level. The question that I asked was how subconscious processes communicate themselves to consciousness and direct cognitive processes and behavior. I thought that a similar process, on a miniature scale, occurs in the tip-of-the tongue state, when we feel that we know a name or a word before it emerges into consciousness. Indeed, my research on metacognitive monitoring and control processes during learning, remembering and decision-making has yielded a great deal of information about the delicate but complex processes that shape intuitive feelings, and about the critical role played by these feelings in the self-regulation of learning and memory. The work clarifies why metacognitive feelings are generally accurate and trustworthy, but not inherently so, and sheds light on the processes that lead metacognitive feelings astray. The findings may have implications for some of the metatheoretical issues concerning consciousness and control, including the shaping of subjective experience, the function of subjective experience, and the cause-and-effect relationship between subjective experience and behavior.

 


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