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2019 CR:PI Consulting Editors
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 Woo-kyoung Ahn, Yale University, USA

My main area of research interest is higher-level reasoning processes. In particular, I study how people learn and represent concepts and causal relations, and how causal explanations shape our thinking processes. I study basic cognitive processes underlying concept and causal learning. I also study applied issues, such as how expert clinicians’ causal explanations for mental disorders affect their diagnoses, and how learning about one’s genetic predisposition affects people’s expectations about their symptoms.

Vicki BruceNewcastle University, United Kingdom

Vicki Bruce has spent most of her career researching human face perception and person memory, including the use of face images in forensic contexts, as well as other aspects of social cognition. In the past she also conducted research for the Royal Mint to ensure that new UK coins could be distinguished from each other by sight and by touch.

Vicki was Professor of Psychology at the Universities of Nottingham and then Stirling, where she was also Deputy Principal. She was Vice Principal and Head of the College of Humanities and Social Science at the University of Edinburgh from 2002-2008. She moved to Newcastle University in 2008 where she was Head of the School of Psychology until 2015.

She is an Honorary Fellow of the British Psychological Society, a Fellow of the British Academy (Vice President Public Engagement from 2011-2016), and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. She has served as President of the Experimental Psychology Society, of the British Psychological Society and the European Society for Cognitive Psychology.

 Monica Castelhano, Queen's University, Ontario
My primary research interests are in visual attention and visual memory and how they function in our everyday lives.  Across various studies we investigate how people perceive, explore, search through and remember information from complex, natural stimuli (i.e., real-world scenes) using both behavioural and eye movement measures. I began at Queen’s University in 2007 as an Assistant Professor, and became an Associate Professor in 2013. Prior to coming to Queen's University, I completed my PhD in Cognitive Psychology at the Michigan State University in 2005 under the guidance of Dr. John Henderson and trained as a postdoctoral fellow at University of Massachusetts Amherst working with Dr. Keith Rayner and Dr. Alexander Pollatsek.  Currently, we are exploring the neural underpinning of attentional mechanism in real-world scenes via electroencephalogram (EEG) and  transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS).

Sarah Creem-Regehr, University of Utah, USA
Sarah Creem-Regehr is a Professor in the Psychology Department at the University of Utah. She received her MA and PhD in Psychology from the University of Virginia. Her research serves joint goals of developing theories of perception-action processing mechanisms and applying these theories to relevant real-world problems in order to facilitate observers' understanding of their spatial environments. In particular, her interests are in space perception, spatial cognition, visualization, and virtual environments. She co-authored the book Visual Perception from Computer Graphics Perspective, and was previously Associate Editor for the Psychonomic Bulletin & Review and Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.

Simon Dennis, University of Newcastle, Australia
Simon Dennis the Director of the Complex Human Data Hub in the Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences and has previously held positions as the Head of School of Psychology at the University of Newcastle, Director of the Cognitive Science Centre at Ohio State University, Associate Professor at the University of Adelaide, Research Professor at the University of Colorado, Boulder, and was a lecturer and senior lecturer in the ARC Centre for Human Factors and Applied Cognitive Psychology, at the University of Queensland. Professor Dennis is a computer scientist by training and has extensive experience in the computational modelling of episodic and semantic memory (Dennis & Humphreys, 2001; Osth & Dennis, 2015; Landuaer, McNamara, Dennis & Kintsch, 2007; Dennis, 2004, 2005). Professor Dennis has been developing and applying passive and active experience sampling methods to understand human experience (Sreekumar, Dennis, Doxas, Zhuang, & Belkin, 2014) and memory (Nielson, Smith, Sreekumar, Dennis & Sederberg, 2015) and has created an extensive data collection, retrieval, visualization and analysis ecosystem provided by Unforgettable Research Services Pty Ltd of which he is the CEO.

Trafton Drew, University of Utah, USA
Trafton Drew is an Assistant Professor in the Cognitive and Neural Science section of the University of Utah Psychology department. Prior to joining Utah, he was principle investigator at Natick Solider Center, affiliated with the Army Research Office. Dr. Drew’s lab focuses on understanding the real-world ramifications, and underlying neural mechanisms of visual attention. He studies radiologists’ behavior to understand why errors are sometimes made, with the goal of using what we know about attention help reduce the number of errors committed. He also studies the neural mechanisms that underlie our ability to represent information using electroencephalograph (EEG). The capacity of visual attention is limited, and his lab uses a variety of methods to study the ramifications of this fact on behavior.

Emily Farran, University of Surrey, United Kingdom
Emil Farran completed her PhD at the University of Bristol in 2001. Then took on a lectureship position at the University of Reading. Then moved to the UCL Institute of Education in 2008, before joining the University of Surrey in 2018. Her research has been funded by the Economic and Social Research Council, the British Academy, the Leverhulme Trust, the Nuffield Foundation, the Wellcome Trust, the Education Endowment Fund, the Waterloo Foundation, Autour des Williams, the Williams Syndrome Foundation, and Fondation Jerome Lejeune.

Heather Flowe, University of Loughborough, United Kingdom
Heather Flowe, PhD is a Senior Lecturer in Psychology at Loughborough University. Her research focuses on memory in applied contexts, including eyewitness identification, forensic face matching, and traumatic memory. She has a PhD in Experimental Psychology from the University of California, San Diego.

Andrea Frick, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
Andrea Frick studied developmental psychology at the University of Zurich, Switzerland, where she received her PhD in 2006. From 2007 to 2008, she did a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of California, Santa Cruz, funded by a scholarship from the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF). Subsequently, she worked as a postdoctoral fellow at Temple University in Philadelphia, as part of a NSF Science of Learning Center, devoted to understanding and improving spatial cognition. From 2011 to 2014, Dr. Frick was an SNFS Ambizione Fellow at the University of Bern, Switzerland, where she received the Venia Docendi (Habilitation). Since 2014, she is an SNSF Professor of Developmental Psychology at the University of Fribourg in Switzerland. Her research area is cognitive development, with a special focus on the development of spatial cognition, mental representations, and imagery abilities.

Micah Goldwater, University of Sydney, Australia
Micah Goldwater received his BA in Linguistics from the University of Rochester in 2003, completed his PhD in Psychology at the University of Texas at Austin in 2009, and then held a Postdoctoral Fellowship at Northwestern University until joining the University of Sydney in 2013. Dr. Goldwater's research investigates the nature, acquisition, and use of knowledge. This work focuses on how children and adults can look past the superficial to recognize when disparate situations, problems, or ideas share deep structural commonalities. He examines both basic processes of cognition and development, their underlying neural mechanisms, and develops applications to improve education

Scott Gronlund, University of Oklahoma, USA
Scott Gronlund is a professor of psychology and the Roger and Sherry Teigen Presidential Professor at the University of Oklahoma. Scott earned his undergraduate degree in psychology from UC Irvine, and his PhD. from Indiana University. Before arriving at the University of Oklahoma, he completed a postdoctoral fellowship at Northwestern University. Scott conducts use-inspired, basic research, on human memory. This has included work on the impact of automation on cognitive performance, situation awareness, and prospective memory (especially with air traffic controllers). His current focus is eyewitness identification, an approach that includes the application of formal computational models. Scott is a Fellow of the Association of Psychological Science (APS) and the Psychonomic Society.

Phil Higham, University of Southampton, United Kingdom
Phil Higham was educated in Canada, earning his undergraduate degree from Mount Allison University and PhD from McMaster University. The early part of his career was spent at the University of Northern British Columbia. Then moved to the University of Southampton in the UK where he has been since 2000. His research focuses on long-term human memory and metacognition, broadly defined. His research topics have included implicit learning, recognition memory, recall, judgments of learning, signal detection theory, and auditory hindsight bias. More recently, his research has been focused primarily on applications of cognitive and metacognitive psychology to university education. The goal of this research is to identify methods and activities that enhance student learning and which ensure that learning endures over time.

Toru Ishikawa, University of Toyo, Japan
Toru Ishikawa specializes in cognitive-behavioral geography and spatial information science, and conducts research on various aspects of human spatial cognition and behavior. His research interests include cognitive mapping and spatial behavior, individual differences in the structures and processes of spatial knowledge, wayfinding and navigation, spatial ability and spatial thinking, navigation assistance and geospatial technologies, and geospatial awareness in a spatially enabled society.

Roberta Klatzky, Carngie Mellon, USA
Roberta Klatzky is the Charles J. Queenan Jr. Professor of Psychology and Human-Computer Interaction at Carnegie Mellon University. She received a B.S. in mathematics from the University of Michigan and a PhD in cognitive psychology from Stanford University. She is the author of over 300 articles and chapters. Her research investigates perception, spatial thinking and action from the perspective of multiple modalities, sensory and symbolic, in real and virtual environments. Klatzky's basic research has been applied to tele-manipulation, image-guided surgery, navigation aids for the blind, and neural rehabilitation. She is a fellow of several psychological societies, a Senior Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). and a member of the Society of Experimental Psychologists (honorary). Her professional service includes governance roles in several societies and membership on panels of the National Academy of Sciences as well as research review panels.

Melina Kunar, University of Warwick, United Kingdom
Many tasks involve attention (e.g. driving, searching a web page for relevant information etc.) making it an important focus of research. Melina's research investigates how people attend and search different types of displays and how they use this information to inform their preferences and decision making. The findings have many applications for socially important tasks, such as how to improve search for cancerous indicators in medical images, baggage screening for threats at an airport, and how distraction (for example, by talking on mobile phones) interferes with driving.

Dan Levin, Vanderbilt University, USA
Daniel Levin received his BA from Reed College and his PhD from Cornell University. He is currently Professor of Psychology at Vanderbilt University where he does research exploring the relationship between visual perception and knowledge in a variety of contexts. Some of his work explores scene and event perception in naturalistic contexts such as cinema and other work explores how concepts about agency affect interactions with technology. His work has been funded by the NSF and NIH.

Robert Logie, University of Edinburgh, Scotland
Robert Logie completed his PhD in Psychology at University College London in 1981. He has worked at the MRC Applied Psychology Unit, Cambridge UK, the University of Aberdeen UK, The University of Bergen Norway, Kyoto University Japan, and since 2004 has been Professor of Human Cognitive Neuroscience at the University of Edinburgh, UK. Research and teaching interests lie in the cognition of human memory in the healthy, ageing, and damaged brain, focused on experimental behavioural studies of working memory. The approach is both theoretical and applied, with projects ranging from developing cognitive theories of working memory in the healthy brain through attention and memory deficits associated healthy aging, with focal brain damage and with neurodegeneration, to design of computerized patient monitoring for medical decision support in intensive care and the interaction between human and digital information storage. He is a previous editor of the Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, past chair (2015) of The Psychonomic Society and of a European Research Council grants panel. Currently he is an Associate Editor for Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, and leads an ‘adversarial research collaboration’ on working memory across the lifespan involving researchers in the USA, Switzerland, and the UK.

Laura Mickes, Royal Holloway University, United Kingdom
Dr. Laura Mickes is a Reader at Royal Holloway, University of London. Her interests cover basic research (e.g., signal detection and dual process theories of recognition memory), applied research (e.g., applications of eyewitness memory), and the intersection of the two (e.g., signal detection models of eyewitness identification). Her work is funded by the US National Science Foundation, UK Economic and Social Research Council, British Academy, and Australian Research Council. She has been awarded a 2013 APA New Investigator Award and 2015 APS Rising Star Award.

Michael Proulx, University of Bath, United Kingdom
Dr Michael J. Proulx is Associate Professor (Reader) of Psychology and director of the Crossmodal Cognition Lab at the University of Bath, where he is also an affiliate of the Centre for Digital Entertainment in Computer Science. His research focuses on several aspects of crossmodal cognition and multisensory processes with a particular interest in the vision sciences and the role of visual experience on cognition. He also works on the development of assistive devices for the visually impaired, and on perception in virtual reality. He received his BS in Psychology from Arizona State University and his MA and PhD in Psychological and Brain Sciences from Johns Hopkins University. He is a Fellow of the Society of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Science of the American Psychological Association.

Ulf-Dietrich Reips, University of Konstanz, Germany
Ulf-Dietrich Reips is a full professor in the Faculty of Sciences at the University of Konstanz, where he holds the Chair for Psychological Methods, Assessment, and iScience. For more than two decades he has been working on Internet-based research methodologies (or Internet science), the psychology of the Internet, measurement, development, and the cognition of causality. In 1994, he founded the Web Experimental Psychology Lab, the first laboratory for conducting real experiments on the World Wide Web. Ulf has worked, lived, and studied in California, Colorado, Israel, Germany, Spain, Switzerland, and the UK. Recently, he has been asked to direct the Leibniz institute for Psychology information in Trier, Germany, but decided to stay at University of Konstanz.

Ulf and his team develop and provide free Web tools for researchers, teachers, students, and the public. They received numerous awards for their Web applications (available from the iScience Server at and methodological work serving the research community.

Ben Rottman, University of Pittsburgh, USA
Ben Rottman is interested in how people learn and reason about probabilistic information, with two more specific foci. First, he studies how individuals learn about cause-effect relations and make use of causal structure knowledge for making judgments and predictions. Much of his work focuses specifically on how people learn about temporal patterns in causal relations, such as learning about cause-effect relations that exhibit patterns of tolerance or sensitization, or non-stationary trends in variables over time, all of which make causal inference harder. Second, he is broadly interested in medical decision making from probabilistic data. In particular he has studied how physicians make diagnoses, how mental health professionals think about mental disorders, and causes of patient non-adherence to medication recommendations.

Lael Schooler, Syracuse University, USA
Lael is a Professor of Psychology at Syracuse University. Before joining the psychology department at Syracuse, he was a Senior Researcher at the Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition. His research into the cognitive foundations of decision making and simple heuristics—decision strategies that use limited information to make effective decisions in an uncertain world— is informed by the ACT-R theory of cognition that supports the development of computer simulations that make predictions about human behavior. He received his BA from Wesleyan University in 1986 and his PhD in Psychology from Carnegie Mellon University in 1993.

Caroline Semmler, University of Adelaide, Australia
Carolyn Semmler is a Senior Lecturer with the School of Psychology at the University of Adelaide. She uses experimental methods and mathematical measurement models to understand and improve human decision-making in important contexts, such as health, policing and national security. Her research is focused on understanding how individuals who are proficient in unfamiliar face matching achieve high levels of performance and how technology might be used to enhance proficiency. She lectures in statistics, cognition (decision-making) and research methods. She holds a PhD from Flinders University and is a member of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. Dr. Semmler’s research has ongoing funding from Australian and international government and non-government bodies.

Khena Swallow, Cornell University, USA
Dr. Khena Swallow is an Assistant Professor in the Psychology Department at Cornell University where she runs the Attention, Memory, and Perception Laboratory. Dr. Swallow’s primary interests lie in understanding how everyday events and the external environment shape attention and memory. Her recent research has examined how encountering events that require a shift in a person’s activity influences their ability to selectively attend to moments in time, spatial locations, and sensory modalities. Other research has examined how people perceive, attend to, and remember everyday events, and how regularities in the environment are learned and influence where and when people direct attention. Dr. Swallow received her PhD from Washington University in St. Louis in 2007 under the advisement of Dr. Jeffrey Zacks. Afterwards, she worked with Dr. Yuhong Jiang in the Department of Psychology at the University of Minnesota as a postdoctoral and research associate.

Holly A. Taylor, Tufts University, USA
Holly A. Taylor earned her bachelors degree in Mathematics from Dartmouth College in 1987 and her PhD in Cognitive Psychology from Stanford University in 1992. Her research has focused on higher order cognition, including spatial cognition, embodied cognition, and discourse processing, as well as the intersection of these research areas. She has held a consistent focus on real-world applications of basic science, including applications to navigation, education, and technology development.


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